What does Zithromax (Azithromycin) treat?
Zithromax with generic name azithromycin is an antibiotic that is used to treat infections caused by bacteria such as whooping cough, middle ear infection, vaginitis, bronchiectasis, chlamydia, cholera, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pelvic inflammatory disease and numerous others.
Zithromax was the most prescribed antibiotic in the US for outpatients in 2010. Zithromax generic Azithromycin was first made in 1980 and it is on World health organization’s list of essential medicines require in all basic health systems. Pfizer and Pilva signed the licensing agreement in 1986 for its manufacturing and distribution. Other brand names of Zithromax generic are Azithrocin, Azyth, Azin, Zeto, Azax-250, AZIF-500 and Azithral.
Zithromax has a bioavailability of 38% for 250mg capsules and its biological half-life is 11-14h (single dose) and 68h(multiple dosing). Excretion is biliary, renal at 4.5%
Zithromax acts by preventing the bacteria from growing by interfering with their protein syntheses.
What is Zithromax used for?
Zithromax is mainly used as an antibiotic for the treatment of diseases listed above and any others that may be prescribed by a doctor. Zithromax uses also include treatment of skin infections caused by bacteria.
It is used for the treatment of acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease caused by H.Influenzae, S.Penumoniae or M.Catarrhalis.
Zithoromax generic Azithromycin is a prescription only drug first approved by the FDA in 1991. It is available in both oral suspension and tablets form. Zithromax dosing can be taken with or without food.
The dosage depends upon the disease and should always be taken with a doctor’s prescription. Following are the major diseases along with their dosage that can be treated with Zithromax:
Zithromax for UTI can be a good treatment for urinary tract infections caused by chlamydia. Similarly, Zithromax for Chlamydia can also be treated with Zithromax. Zithromax chlamydia treatment is prescribed by many medical practitioners for its known benefits and effectiveness.
Zithromax (Azithromycin) for the flu is not recommended because it is only suitable to treat bacterial infections whereas flu is a viral infection.
Zithromax for strep throat treatment is prescribed by many doctors and it is found to be a very good antibiotic in such cases.
Zithromax alcohol is not a good combination and according to a study done by the National institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, even though alcohol does not reduce the effectiveness of azithromycin, drinking alcohol can cause various problems including temporary liver damage in some cases. Therefore, it is best to not mix Zithromax and alcohol.
Zithromax for dogs can be used to treat dermatological infections, urogenital infections, respiratory tract infections and other bacterial infections. Zithromax in dogs dosage is present in tablets of 250mg, 500mg, and 600mg. Powder form is also available in 500mg in 10mL vials.
Zithromax (Azithromycin) 500 mg tablet is the most commonly used dosage and it is available in most countries as Zithromax over the counter. That should clear the commonly asked question that is Zithromax an over the counter drug.
Zithromax z-pack and Zithromax z pak are also commonly used terms to refer to this antibiotic drug.
Zithromax can be used by pregnant women and there are no conclusive well-controlled studies that suggest otherwise. For breastfeeding mothers, it is best to use it with caution as there are a danger or ill-effects on the infant with the usage of Zithromax.
Side Effects of Zithromax (Azithromycin)
Less than 1% of patients have been known to stop using the drug due to its side-effects. As per the FDA finding of 2013 Zithromax usage, “can cause abnormal changes in the electrical activity of the heart that may lead to a potentially fatal irregular heart rhythm.” Therefore, it is best to use it with caution if the patient has a history of heart problems. The FDA issued a warning in 2012 saying patients using Zithromax as an antibiotic had a higher chance of death as compared to patients with heart problems using other antibiotics such as amoxicillin. However, patients without any history of heart problems or blood pressure need not worry about this.
Zithromax side effects can include a stomach or digestion problems and loose motion. It can also cause vomiting or stomach pains. Consult your doctor as soon as possible if these problems persist.
Some of the less common side effects of Zithromax include:
Dry or cracked skin
Irritation or redness of skin
If any of these problems persist, consult with your doctor immediately.
Some rare side effects of Zithromax (Azithromycin) are also worth mentioning even though the chances of these in normal patients are minimal.
Blood in urine
Blood in stool
Mucus in a cough
Dizziness or drowsiness
Difficulty in urination
Irregular heartbeat or slow heart rate
Loss of appetite
Redness of eyes
Vomiting of blood
Yellow eyes or yellow skin
As is the case with a prescription drug, your doctor should be the first person to know if any of these conditions appear and persist and only he can advise you further whether you should continue with the dosage or stop it altogether.
Some side effects of Zithromax (Azithromycin) may not require immediate medical attention and they may disappear on their own with time as the body adjusts to the medicine. Healthcare professional dealing with Zithromax dependent patients should be aware of all the side effects that may include any hematologic, psychiatric, metabolic, renal, hepatic or nervous system related problems or symptoms.